Monday, May 10, 2010

(Social) Realism: Ukraine

Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebriakova (1884 - 1967)

Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebriakova (née Lanceray) (Russian: Зинаи́да Евге́ньевна Серебряко́ва, Ukrainian: Зінаїда Євгенівна Серебрякова; December 10, 1884 – September 19, 1967) was among the first female Russian painters of distinction. Broad public recognition came with Serebriakova's self-portrait At the Dressing-Table (1909, Tretyakov Gallery), first shown at a large exhibition mounted by the Union of Russian Artists in 1910. The self-portrait was followed by Girl Bathing (1911, Russian Museum), a portrait of Ye.K. Lanceray (1911, private collection), and a portrait of the artist's mother Yekaterina Lanceray (1912, Russian Museum), already mature works, strict in composition.

She joined the Mir iskusstva movement in 1911, but stood out from the other members of the group because of her preference for popular themes and because of the harmony, plasticity and generalized nature of her paintings. In 1914–1917, Zinaida Serebriakova was in her prime. During these years she produced a series of pictures on the theme of Russian rural life, the work of the peasants and the Russian countryside which was so dear to her heart: Peasants (1914–1915, Russian Museum), Sleeping Peasant Girl (private collection).

Jacques Hnizdovsky (1915-1985)
Jacques Hnizdovsky (Ukrainian: Яків Гніздовський, Polish: Jakob Gniazdowski, Croatian: Jakiv Hnizdovskyj), (1915-1985) was a Ukrainian-American painter, printmaker, sculptor, ex libris designer, and book illustrator.

Displaced Persons 1948

Valentin Danilovich Bernadsky (1917)
Born in Ozeryane, Chernigov pr., Ukraine in 1917. Studied at Institute of Painting , Sculpture and Architecture /REPIN ART INSTITUTE 1940-50. Member of the USSR Union of Arttists. Merited Artist of the Ukraine. Began exhibiting 1952. Active in Sympheropol, Crimea/ Taught at Sympheropl Art College 1950-52.

Victor Ivanovich Koshevoi (1924)
Born in the Ukraine in 1924. Studied at Voroshilovgrad Art College until 1956. Member of the Ukraine Union of Artists. Active in Voroshilovgrad/Lugansk, Ukraine.

Valeri Anatolevich Mashnitski (1934)
Born in 1934 in Kherson, Ukraine. Graduated from the Odessa Art College. Active in Kherson. Member of the Ukraine Union of Artists.

World (Social) Realist Art (Index of Countries)
This blog page is part of an ongoing project by artist and part-time lecturer Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin ( to explore Realist / Social Realist art from around the world. The term Realism is used in its broadest sense to include 19th century Realism and Naturalism as well as 20th century Impressionism (which after all was following in the path of Courbet and Millet). Social Realism covers art that seeks to examine the living and working conditions of ordinary people (examples include German Expressionism, American Ashcan School and the Mexican Muralists).

Click here for (Social) Realist Art Definitions, World (Social) Realism and Global Solidarity, Art and Politics, Social Realism in history and Country Index.

Suggestions for appropriate artists from around the world welcome to

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