Wednesday, April 21, 2010
(Social) Realism: Austria Art
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (1793 – 1865)
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (15 January 1793 in Vienna – 23 August 1865 in Hinterbrühl, Austria) was an Austrian painter and writer. He briefly attended the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, but later had to finance his life by painting portraits. In 1811 he worked as a teacher of arts for the children of Count Gyulay in Croatia. After three years he returned to Vienna and started to improve his skills by copying the works of old masters. Waldmüller later became interested in nature and started painting landscapes. These are his most notable works, in which his sense of colour and knowledge of nature helped him to achieve masterly skill. In 1823 he made a portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven.
Johann Michael Neder (1807 - 1882)
Johann Michael Neder (* 29. April 1807 in Wien; † 30. September 1882 ebenda), genannt der "Schustermaler", war ein österreichischer Maler. Johann Michael Neder war ein Volksmaler des Wiener Biedermeier, der in naiv-realistischer Manier Porträts und Genreszenen aus dem Leben der Wiener Vorstädte schuf. Abseits gekünstelter Romantik gilt der zu Lebzeiten umstrittene Maler heute gerade wegen seiner Authentizität als wichtiger Schilderer des Wiener Kleinbürgertums, der neben seinen künstlerischen Qualitäten auch ein dokumentarisches Interesse seiner Zeit beanspruchen darf.
Carl Eduard Schuch (1846 - 1903)
Carl Eduard Schuch (30 September 1846 - 13 September 1903) was an Austrian painter, born in Vienna, who spent most of his lifetime outside Austria, in Germany, Italy and France. He painted primarily still lifes and landscapes.
During the period 1882–94 he was based in Paris, where he was greatly impressed by the work of Claude Monet—whom he described as "the Rembrandt of plein-air painting"—although he was attracted most of all to Rembrandt and the artists of the Barbizon school. In 1884 and 1885 he spent the summer months in the Netherlands, studying the Dutch old masters as well as the contemporary painters of the Hague School, and filling notebooks with detailed descriptions of the colors he observed in paintings that he admired. Of all the artists belonging to the circle around Wilhelm Leibl (called the Leibl-Kreis), Schuch was the most devoted to color. His work marks the transition from the realist tradition to the modern movement in Vienna, esthetically, however, it is far from contemporary trends, and from its means and ends, comparable to Paul Cézanne (Gottfried Boehm, referring to Arnold Gehlen).
His later years were marked by a degenerative illness. He died in Vienna.
Albin Egger-Lienz (1868 - 1926)
Albin Egger-Lienz was an Austrian painter. He was born in Dölsach-Stribach near Lienz, in what was the county of Tyrol on 29 January 1868 and died on 4 November 1926 in St. Justina-Rentsch, Bolzano, Italy. As an artist, he had a special preference for rustic genre and historical paintings; under the influence of Ferdinand Hodler, Egger-Lienz abstracted his formal language into monumental expressiveness.
Alfons Walde (1891 - 1958)
Alfons Walde (8 February 1891 - 11 December 1958), an Austrian from Kitzbuhel in Tyrol, was the first artist to successfully bring skiing as a subject into painting. These sporting scenes together with his winter landscapes and farming images, rendered in a unique tempera style with impastose colouring, complemented his other artistic gifts as both an architect and graphic artist. Many of his paintings can be seen in the Museum gallery in Kitzbuhel.
World (Social) Realist Art (Index of Countries)
This blog page is part of an ongoing project by artist and part-time lecturer Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin (http://gaelart.net/) to explore Realist / Social Realist art from around the world. The term Realism is used in its broadest sense to include 19th century Realism and Naturalism as well as 20th century Impressionism (which after all was following in the path of Courbet and Millet). Social Realism covers art that seeks to examine the living and working conditions of ordinary people (examples include German Expressionism, American Ashcan School and the Mexican Muralists).
Click here for (Social) Realist Art Definitions, World (Social) Realism and Global Solidarity, Art and Politics, Social Realism in history and Country Index.
Suggestions for appropriate artists from around the world welcome to firstname.lastname@example.org.