Friday, April 2, 2010

(Social) Realism: Greece

Emmanuel Zairis (1871-1948)

Nikolaos Lytras (1883 - 1927)

Nikolaos Lytras (11. Mai 1883 in Athen - 1927 ebenda) war ein bedeutender griechischer Maler zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Wie auch sein Vater Nikiphoros Lytras studierte Nikolaos Malerei an der Münchener Akademie der Bildenden Künste. Anders als sein Vater war er jedoch den künstlerischen Strömungen der Zeit offener zugewandt und wurde dadurch zu einem Verbindungsglied zwischen dem romantischen Realismus des 19. Jahrhunderts und der modernen Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts.

Nikolaos Lytras (May 11, 1883 in Athens - 1927) was an important Greek painter in the early 20th Century. Like his father Nikiforos Lytras Nikolaos studied painting at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. Unlike his father, but he was open to the artistic currents of the time and thereby became a connecting link between the romantic realism of the 19th Century and the modern art of the 20th Century.

Lytras Nikolaos Peeling Quinces

Lytras Nikolaos Boat with sail

LytrasNikolaos The straw hat

Lytras Nikos Kokkinaras

Spyros Papaloukas (1892 - 1957)
Spyros Papaloukas (b Desfina, Parnassis, 1892; d 1957). Greek painter. He learnt the art of icon-painting from a local artist. In 1906 Papaloukas went to work in a paint shop in Peiraeus. While a student at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Athens (1909-16) he completed a series of icons for the altar screen of St Dimitrios in Desfina. From 1916 to 1921 he completed his studies in Paris at the Academie Julian and other art schools. In 1921 he joined the Greek army as an Official War Artist during the Asia Minor campaign, although his total output was lost during the devastation of Smyrna (now Izmir). Papaloukas settled in Aiyina in 1922-3 and painted landscapes, visiting Mt Athos (1923) to study the Byzantine iconography and to paint local scenery. His first one-man show was in 1924 in Thessaloniki, and he spent the rest of that year on Lesbos working on landscapes. After teaching at the School of Handicrafts (1925), he executed frescoes in the church of Evangelistria in Amfissa in neo-Byzantine style (1926-31). In his paintings he experimented with colour, applied boldly with flat patterns. From 1930 to 1940 he exhibited with the Techni group and the Greek Artists' Association.

World (Social) Realist Art (Index of Countries)
This blog page is part of an ongoing project by artist and part-time lecturer Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin ( to explore Realist / Social Realist art from around the world. The term Realism is used in its broadest sense to include 19th century Realism and Naturalism as well as 20th century Impressionism (which after all was following in the path of Courbet and Millet). Social Realism covers art that seeks to examine the living and working conditions of ordinary people (examples include German Expressionism, American Ashcan School and the Mexican Muralists).

Click here for (Social) Realist Art Definitions, World (Social) Realism and Global Solidarity, Art and Politics, Social Realism in history and Country Index.

Suggestions for appropriate artists from around the world welcome to

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