Wednesday, April 28, 2010

(Social) Realism: Brazil

José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior (1850 – 1899)

José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior (8 May 1850 – 13 November 1899) was a Brazilian painter of the 19th century. He is widely regarded as the most important Brazilian realist painter of the 19th century, and a major inspiration for the modernist painters. While most Brazilian academic artists made their fame painting mythological or historical subjects, Almeida Junior would become popular for painting rural figures, especially farmers and the caipira, the countrymen that are a kind of a symbol of the rural areas of the São Paulo state.

Modesto Brocos y Gómez (1852 — 1936)
Modesto Brocos y Gómez (Santiago de Compostela, 1852 — Rio de Janeiro, 1936) foi um pintor, desenhista e gravador espanhol radicado no Brasil definitivamente a partir de 1890.

Mário Navarro da Costa (1883 — 1931)
Mário Navarro da Costa (Rio de Janeiro, 1883 — Florença, 1931) foi um pintor e diplomata brasileiro. Faleceu servindo como cônsul. Pintor de marinhas, o Salão Nacional de Belas Artes premiou-o com uma medalha de prata em 1912 e com uma de ouro, em 1920.
Esteve em Portugal, que lhe inspirou algumas das suas obras. O Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea, em Lisboa conserva da sua autoria A vela vermelha. Tendo residido na Itália, por algum tempo, valeu-se dessa estadia para inspirar parte significativa de sua obra na paisagem marinha daquele país.

Candido Portinari (1903 - 1962)
Candido Portinari (Brodowski, December 29, 1903 - Rio de Janeiro, February 6, 1962) was one of the most important Brazilian painters and also a prominent and influential practitioner of the neo-realism style in painting. Born of Italian immigrants in a coffee plantation near Brodowski, in São Paulo, Portinari studied at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (ENBA) in Rio de Janeiro. In 1928 he won a gold medal at the ENBA and a trip to Paris where he stayed until 1930, when he returned to Brazil. He joined the Brazilian Communist Party and stood for senator in 1947 but had to flee Brazil for Uruguay due to the persecution of Communists. He returned to Brazil in 1951 but suffered ill health during the last decade of his life and died in 1962 due to lead poisoning from his paints.

World (Social) Realist Art (Index of Countries)
This blog page is part of an ongoing project by artist and part-time lecturer Caoimhghin Ó Croidheáin ( to explore Realist / Social Realist art from around the world. The term Realism is used in its broadest sense to include 19th century Realism and Naturalism as well as 20th century Impressionism (which after all was following in the path of Courbet and Millet). Social Realism covers art that seeks to examine the living and working conditions of ordinary people (examples include German Expressionism, American Ashcan School and the Mexican Muralists).

Click here for (Social) Realist Art Definitions, World (Social) Realism and Global Solidarity, Art and Politics, Social Realism in history and Country Index.

Suggestions for appropriate artists from around the world welcome to

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